Ocular Rosacea: Causes,Symptoms, and Treatment

Ocular rosacea is a common but often overlooked subtype of rosacea, a chronic skin condition that affects the face. It is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for ocular rosacea.

Causes of Ocular Rosacea:

The exact cause of Ocular Rosacea is not yet known, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Ocular rosacea is associated with inflammation of the eyelid margin and blockage of the oil glands, leading to irritation and discomfort. While the exact cause of ocular rosacea is unknown, it is believed to be linked to the skin condition acne rosacea, which is characterized by redness, pimples, and visible blood vessels on the face. Some risk factors for ocular rosacea include a family history of rosacea, fair skin, and exposure to sunlight or extreme temperatures.

Symptoms of Ocular Rosacea:

The symptoms of ocular rosacea can vary from person to person, but may include:

Redness and swelling of the eyelids
● Chalazion (stye)
● A gritty or burning sensation in the eyes
Dry eyes
● Blurred vision
● Sensitivity to light
● Crusty, flaky eyelids
● Visible blood vessels on the whites of the eyes

It is important to note that not all individuals with ocular rosacea will have skin symptoms of rosacea.

Ocular Rosacea

A patient with features of ocular rosacea including red swollen eyelids and a small chalazaion affecting the left upper eyelid.

Treatment Options for Ocular Rosacea:

While there is no cure for ocular rosacea, there are several treatment options that can help manage the symptoms. These include:

Warm compresses: Applying a warm compress to the eyes can help relieve symptoms of dryness and irritation by improving the function of the meibomian glands.

Eyelid hygiene: Keeping the eyelids clean by using a gentle cleanser can help reduce inflammation and prevent infections.

Artificial tears: Over-the-counter artificial tears can help lubricate the eyes and reduce dryness.

Medications: In some cases, medications such as antibiotics, steroids, or immunomodulators may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and manage symptoms.

In addition to these treatments, it is important to avoid triggers that can exacerbate symptoms, such as sunlight, wind, and spicy foods.


Can Ocular Rosacea be cured?

No, there is no cure for Ocular Rosacea. However, it can be managed with proper treatment and self-care measures.

Is Ocular Rosacea contagious?

No, Ocular Rosacea is not contagious.

Can Ocular Rosacea cause blindness?

In rare cases, severe Ocular Rosacea can lead to vision loss through inflammation and scarring of the ocular surface. However, this is uncommon.


Ocular Rosacea is a chronic eye condition that affects the eyes and can cause discomfort and blurry vision. Mild cases of Ocular Rosacea can be managed with self-care measures, but more severe cases may require prescription medications. If you suspect you have Ocular Rosacea, it’s important to see an eye doctor to get an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.